Know Your Stats
Did you collect baseball cards as a kid? If so, you probably memorized your favorite players’ statistics, like home runs and RBIs. You may not be a pro ballplayer, but there are some important personal stats you should keep track of.
High blood pressure raises your risk for heart disease and stroke. The only way to know if you have it is to measure your blood pressure.
To determine whether your blood pressure is normal, your doctor examines your systolic and diastolic pressures, which the gauge measures in millimeters of mercury (abbreviated as mmHg).
The normal range is:
Systolic: less than 120 mmHg
Diastolic: less than 80 mmHg
If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe medication and lifestyle changes:
Diet. Eat a healthy diet that is low in salt, fat and cholesterol.
Be active. Take a brisk, 10-minute walk three times a day, five days a week.
Don’t smoke. If you smoke, quit as soon as possible.
There are several types of blood-sugar tests to determine if you have prediabetes, Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Normal blood glucose readings are between 70 and 140 milligrams per deciliter.
If you're diagnosed with diabetes, a diabetes educator can help you:
- Develop a healthy eating plan.
- Learn to test your blood sugar and record the results.
- Recognize the signs of high or low blood sugar and what to do about it.
- Monitor your feet, skin and eyes.
- Manage stress and deal with diabetes care.